Profit from additional features by authenticating your Admin account. The Supreme Court of Samoa is the court of highest jurisdiction. The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on agriculture and fishing at the local level. Scientific research is ongoing… The main island of Upolu is home to nearly three-quarters of Samoa's population, and to the capital city, Apia. New Zealand was ill-equipped to cope with the Western Samoa mandate it was allocated by the League of Nations in 1920. Jacob Roggeveen, a Dutchman, was the first known non-Polynesian to sight the Samoan islands in 1722. [3] About three-quarters of the population live on the main island of Upolu. "Forecast of The Samoan Population in New Zealand from 2013 to 2038, by Age Group (in Thousands)*. In, Statistics New Zealand. Is Māori a country? Each district has its own constitutional foundation (fa'avae) based on the traditional order of title precedence found in each district's faalupega (traditional salutations). Rugby league is mostly played by Samoans living in New Zealand and Australia. [74] [21], 1 including the faipule district of Siumu Two other paramount chiefs at the time of independence were appointed joint heads of state for life. He was succeeded by Tuimalealiifano Va'aletoa Sualauvi II in 2017. New Zealand was ill-equipped to cope with the Western Samoa mandate it was allocated by the League of Nations in 1920. They also took home the cup at Wellington and the Hong Kong Rugby Sevens in 2007—for which the Prime Minister of Samoa, also Chairman of the national rugby union, Tuila’epa Sa’ilele Malielegaoi, declared a national holiday. The Samoan crisis came to a critical juncture in March 1889 when all three colonial contenders sent warships into Apia harbour, and a larger-scale war seemed imminent. Some Samoans are spiritual and religious, and have subtly adapted the dominant religion of Christianity to 'fit in' with fa'a Samoa and vice versa. A Samoan girl or teine is given a malu, which covers the area from just below her knees to her upper thighs. 8 However, as this total of 716 Samoans included 232 persons classified as Samoans who were born in New Zealand, 9 and there is a strong presumption that the bulk of those outside the working age range were in fact born in New Zealand, it could be that after deducting the New Zealand-born element from the above figures an estimate of the order of over 80 per cent for … The sovereign state is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations as a Commonwealth republic. The population of Savai'i is 42,000 people. Homosexual acts are illegal in Samoa. The two main political families who confer the respective titles are 'Aiga Sā Fenunuivao and 'Aiga Sā Levālasi. The previous time zone, implemented on 4 July 1892, operated in line with American traders based in California. Samoa also played in the Pacific Nations Cup and the Pacific Tri-Nations. As amended, Article 1 of the Samoan Constitution states that “Samoa is a Christian nation founded of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”. One theory is that the original Samoans were Austronesians who arrived during a final period of eastward expansion of the Lapita peoples out of Southeast Asia and Melanesia between 2,500 and 1,500 BCE. [87] The sasa is also a traditional dance where rows of dancers perform rapid synchronised movements in time to the rhythm of wooden drums (pate) or rolled mats. The Germans, in particular, began to show great commercial interest in the Samoan Islands, especially on the island of Upolu, where German firms monopolised copra and cocoa bean processing. The Samoan government provides eight years of primary and secondary education that is tuition-free and is compulsory through age 16.[84]. [12] The Samoans’ origins have been studied in modern times through scientific research on Polynesian genetics, linguistics and anthropology. Around three-quarters of its 195,000 population live on the main island of Upolu; the rest live on the neighbouring island of Savai'i or on two of the smaller islets, Manono and Apolima. New Zealand scientists have dated the earliest human remains found in Samoa to between roughly 2900 and 3500 years ago. [14] These four titles form the apex of the Samoan matai system as it stands today. Tumua and Pule (traditional governments of Upolu and Savai'i) were for a time silent; all decisions on matters affecting lands and titles were under the control of the colonial Governor. The unicameral legislature (the Fono) consists of 49 members serving 5-year terms. The Samoan siva dance has unique gentle movements of the body in time to music and tells a story, although the Samoan male dances can be more snappy. In the Census, people are asked about their country of birth, the languages they speak at home, proficiency in English, their ancestry and their religion. But the influenza epidemic of 1918 stands as one of the worst outbreaks ever recorded anywhere in the world. Notable figures in Samoan history included the Tui Manu'a line, Queen Salamasina, King Fonoti and the four tama-a-aiga: Malietoa, Tupua Tamasese, Mata'afa and Tuimalealiifano. Life in New Zealand is different from the Pacific, and having the right information can help you make a successful move. Samoa is an independent state situated about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand. Immigration New Zealand NZ High Commission Beach Road Apia Samoa. Tusiata Avia is a performance poet. Most are Criollo-Forastero hybrids. Tourism is an expanding sector which now accounts for 25% of GDP. In 2001, 9 percent of Samoan people stated they had no religious affiliation. In 1899, the Samoan Islands were partitioned into two parts: the eastern group of islands became a territory of the U.S. (American Samoa) while the Western Islands were German Samoa, which later came under the control of New Zealand until Samoa gained independence in 1962. For the geographical region, see, • Name change from Western Samoa to Samoa, The Political Economy of Ancient Samoa: Basalt Adze Production and Linkages to Social Status (Winterhoff 2007), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Mains, P. John; McCarty, Louis Philippe (1906). The feature film Siones Wedding, co-written by Oscar Kightley, was financially successful following premieres in Auckland and Apia. The paramount 'tama-a-'aiga' (royal lineage) title of A'ana is Tuimalealiifano. This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. (May 18, 2017). The capital city is Apia. [91] According to The Diplomat, "What Samoa has done is shift references to Christianity into the body of the constitution, giving the text far more potential to be used in legal processes. New Zealand is about 95 times bigger than Samoa.. Samoa is approximately 2,831 sq km, while New Zealand is approximately 268,838 sq km, making New Zealand 9,396% larger than Samoa. Written and directed by Tusi Tamasese, it received much critical acclaim and attention at film festivals throughout the world. The officers began to fire randomly into the crowd and a Lewis machine gun, mounted in preparation for this demonstration, was used to disperse the demonstrators. The paramount pāpā title of A'ana is the Tui A'ana. The total number of deaths attributable to influenza is estimated as 8500, 22% of the Samoan population. [73] The same year, the Samoan labour force was estimated at 50,700. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. These relationships are based on respect, or fa'aaloalo. Lemi Ponifasio is a director and choreographer who is prominent internationally with his dance Company MAU. Sugarcane production, originally established by Germans in the early 20th century, could be successful. The Samoan islands result geologically from volcanism, originating with the Samoa hotspot, which probably results from a mantle plume. ; In 2000, the population of Western Samoa … [34] Samoa suffered the most of all Pacific islands, with 90% of the population infected; 30% of adult men, 22% of adult women and 10% of children died. Samoan mythology includes many gods with creation stories and figures of legend such as Tagaloa and the goddess of war Nafanua, the daughter of Saveasi'uleo, ruler of the spirit realm Pulotu. In accordance with the Mau's non-violent philosophy, the newly elected leader, High Chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi, led his fellow uniformed Mau in a peaceful demonstration in downtown Apia on 28 December 1929.[38]. Sixty percent of Samoa's electricity comes from renewable hydro, solar, and wind sources, with the remainder from diesel generators. Prominent women in Samoan politics include the late Laulu Fetauimalemau Mata'afa (1928–2007) from Lotofaga constituency, the wife of Samoa's first prime minister. New Zealand was occupied by the Polynesian people since roughly 1200-1300 AD, but not much is known about the people of this time. [61], In June 2017, an Act was passed changing the country's constitution to include a reference to the Trinity. New Zealand Population History. Samoans' religious adherence includes the following: Christian Congregational Church of Samoa 31.8%, Roman Catholic 19.4%, Methodist 15.2%, Assembly of God 13.7%, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 7.6%, Seventh-day Adventist 3.9%, Worship Centre 1.7%, other Christian 5.5%, other 0.7%, none 0.1%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 estimate). The paramount pāpā title of Ātua is the Tui Ātua. Another dance performed by males is called the fa'ataupati or the slap dance, creating rhythmic sounds by slapping different parts of the body. [citation needed] Observers point to the flexibility of the labour market as a basic strength for future economic advances. "Forecast of the Samoan population in New Zealand from 2013 to 2038, by age group (in thousands)*." The annual production of both bananas and copra has been in the range of 13,000 to 15,000 metric tons (about 14,500 to 16,500 short tons). Samoa has an equatorial climate, with an average annual temperature of 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and a main rainy season from November to April, although heavy rain may fall in any month. [11], Samoa was discovered and settled by the Samoans’ Lapita ancestors (Austronesian people who spoke Oceanic languages). In addition, the integration of hip hop elements into Samoan tradition also "testifies to the transferability of the dance forms themselves," and to the "circuits through which people and all their embodied knowledge travel. )", "Wartime administration – capture of German Samoa", "History and migration: Who are the Samoans? Stats NZ is New Zealand's official data agency. Abel Tasman from the Netherlands came to the south island in 1642 and dubbed the territory with its current name. Demographic trends. [16] The whalers came for fresh drinking water, firewood and provisions, and later, they recruited local men to serve as crewmen on their ships. Tourist arrivals have been increasing over the years with more than 100,000 tourists visiting the islands in 2005, up from 70,000 in 1996. Samoa lies south of the equator, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand, in the Polynesian region of the Pacific Ocean. You can only download this statistic as a Premium user. In the first month of World War I, on 29 August 1914, troops of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force landed unopposed on Upolu and seized control from the German authorities, following a request by Great Britain for New Zealand to perform this "great and urgent imperial service."[29]. When the value of natural rubber fell drastically, about the end of the Great War (World War I), the New Zealand government encouraged the production of bananas, for which there is a large market in New Zealand. The latest Census was conducted in 2011. [59] The prime minister, chosen by a majority in the Fono, is appointed by the head of state to form a government. Many Samoans and New Zealanders or Australians of Samoan descent play in the Super League and National Leagues in Britain, including Francis Meli, Ta'ane Lavulavu of Workington Town, Maurie Fa'asavalu of St Helens, David Fatialofa of Whitehaven and Setaimata Sa, who signed with London Irish rugby club. Young Samoan gang members sent back to their home country from New Zealand by their families in a bid to straighten them out, are instead starting gangs there. This also had the effect of changing the shape of the International Date Line, moving it to the east of the territory. Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2020, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2020, Number of apps available in leading app stores 2020, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. A male who possesses such a tatau is called a soga'imiti. As with other Polynesian cultures (Hawaiian, Tahitian and Māori) with significant and unique tattoos, Samoans have two gender specific and culturally significant tattoos. Samoa has competed at every Rugby World Cup since 1991, and made the quarter finals in 1991, 1995 and the second round of the 1999 World Cup. The country of Samoa (distinct from American Samoa) has a unique historical relationship with New Zealand, having been administered by New Zealand from 1914 to 1962. 2 including islands Manono, Apolima and Nu'ulopa In modern times, development aid, private family remittances from overseas, and agricultural exports have become key factors in the nation's economy. Samoan migration to Aotearoa New Zealand particularly during the influx of sought after workers, from 1950s to1980s. and over 1 Mio. There are more than 25,000 matais in the country, about 5% of whom are women. On Samoa, there had been no epidemic of pneumonic influenza in Western Samoa before the arrival of the SS Talune from Auckland on 7 November 1918. Samoa comprises eleven itūmālō (political districts). Where Europeans settled in the Pacific, epidemics often followed soon after. The next Head of State was Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Efi, was elected by the legislature on 17 June 2007 for a fixed five-year term,[57] and was re-elected unopposed in July 2012. Meanwhile, the population of Samoa is ~203,774 people (4.7 million more people live in New Zealand). Coffee grows well, but production has been uneven. [32] During the period of New Zealand control, their administrators were responsible for two major incidents. "Western Samoa Time" are a time zone abbreviation used all year round (including in DST). The United Kingdom had vacated all claims in Samoa and in return received (1) termination of German rights in Tonga, (2) all of the Solomon Islands south of Bougainville, and (3) territorial alignments in West Africa. The terms Tālā and Sene are translations of the English words. A small South Pacific archipelago with a population of fewer than 200,000, Samoa was administered by New Zealand until independence in 1962. Samoa hosts the seventh (of nine current) Baháʼí Houses of Worship in the world; completed in 1984 and dedicated by the Head of State, it is located in Tiapapata, 8 km (5 mi) from Apia. [58] Universal suffrage was adopted in 1990, but only chiefs (matai) may stand for election to the Samoan seats. Fiame Mata'afa Faumuina Mulinu'u II, one of the four highest-ranking paramount chiefs in the country, became Samoa's first Prime Minister. The impact on Samoan families when employment was threatened by decreased workload and disgruntled New Zealanders. ", Chapter XII. "[28] Thus, there was no Samoan Tupu (king), nor an alii sili (similar to a governor), but two Fautua (advisors) were appointed by the colonial government. Sia Figiel won the 1997 Commonwealth Writers' Prize for fiction in the south-east Asia/South Pacific region with her novel "Where We Once Belonged". Contact with Europeans began in the early 18th century. The median annual income for the New Zealand adult population, at $18,500, was approximately a fifth higher than that of Samoan adults, as shown in figure 8.1. By 1918, Western Samoa had a population of some 38,000 Samoans and 1,500 Europeans. In A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa (1892) Robert Louis Stevenson, details the activities of the great powers battling for influence in Samoa – the United States, Germany and Britain – and the political machinations of the various Samoan factions within their indigenous political system. [51], At the end of December 2011, Samoa changed its time zone offset from UTC−11 to UTC+13, effectively jumping forward by one day, omitting 30 December from the local calendar. [53], In 2017, Samoa signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. [36] By the late 1920s the resistance movement against colonial rule had gathered widespread support. The Saleaula lava fields situated on the central north coast of Savai'i result from the Mt Matavanu eruptions, which left 50 km2 (20 sq mi) of solidified lava.[67]. They developed a Samoan language and Samoan cultural identity. Population: 82,105. [85], Education in Samoa has proved to be effective as a 2012 UNESCO report stated that 99 per cent of Samoan adults are literate.[86]. Tupua Tamasese Mea'ole died in 1963, leaving Malietoa Tanumafili II sole head of state until his death on 11 May 2007. Samoa's main post-secondary educational institution is the National University of Samoa, established in 1984. [39] Mau leader and paramount chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III was shot from behind and killed while trying to bring calm and order to the Mau demonstrators. The orator group which confers this title - the Faleono (House of Six) - is based at Lufilufi. About 30 ethnic Samoans, many from American Samoa, currently play in the National Football League. The remains were discovered at a Lapita site at Mulifanua, and the scientists’ findings were published in 1974. Schnee, Dr. Heinrich (former Deputy Governor of, This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 12:04. The dawn raids of 1970s to 1980s. He had "seen these judgments of God," in Hawaii where abandoned native churches stood like tombstones "over a grave, in the midst of the white men’s sugar fields".[22]. In music, popular local bands include The Five Stars, Penina o Tiafau and Punialava'a. This is believed to have been derived from slapping insects on the body. Migration became a serious phenomenon after independence in 1962, with primarily young, unskilled workers moving to take up jobs in the agricultural and service sectors. What is the difference between Samoan, Māori, and Hawaiian? After 8 years students are required to take a national exam which ranks them for selection into secondary schools. 9 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons", "Constitutional Amendment Passes; Samoa Officially Becomes 'Christian State, "Samoa: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices in 2006", "Homosexuality to remain illegal in Samoa, Solomon Islands and PNG", "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density", "GSA Press Release – GEOLOGY/GSA Today Media Highlights", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Yazaki Samoa employees work final shift after 25 years in business", "Samoa making progress on renewable energy goal", "Australia - Oceania :: Samoa — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency (July 2018 est. Prominent Samoan players include Pat Lam and Brian Lima. Hear it before it is too late. Although that number had doubled by the mid-1990s, the population’s rate of increase remained markedly lower than the world average because tens of thousands of Samoans had emigrated to New Zealand, the United States, Australia, and elsewhere. As soon as this statistic is updated, you will immediately be notified via e-mail. Rugby union is the national football code of Samoa. Cultural customs such as the Samoa 'ava ceremony are significant and solemn rituals at important occasions including the bestowal of matai chiefly titles. The form and construction of traditional architecture of Samoa was a specialised skill by Tufuga fai fale that was also linked to other cultural artforms. [citation needed] The sector has been helped enormously by major capital investment in hotel infrastructure, political instability in neighbouring Pacific countries, and the 2005 launch of Virgin Samoa a joint-venture between the government and Virgin Australia (then Virgin Blue). The New Zealand police attempted to arrest one of the leaders in the demonstration. [41][42] Samoa also signed a friendship treaty with New Zealand. A'ana has its capital at Leulumoega. )", "Measles death toll rises to 68 in Samoa", "Latest update: 4,357 measles cases have been reported since the outbreak with 140 recorded in the last 24 hours. In New Zealand, the Samoan community has been impacted the most from the vast variety of the Pacific population. The Samoan people were left feeling angry with ongoing foreign rule of their country. From the end of World War I until 1962, New Zealand controlled Western Samoa as a Class C Mandate under trusteeship through the League of Nations,[30] then through the United Nations. Statista. London; Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press, 2000, A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa, treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Samoa Officially Becomes a Christian State", "Population & Demography Indicator Summary", "In Samoa, Drivers Switch to Left Side of the Road", "New Information for the Ferry Berth Site, Mulifanua, Western Samoa", Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, "A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa, 1892", "New Zealand goes to war: The Capture of German Samoa", "Imperialism as a Vocation: Class C Mandates", "Guardians and Wards: (A study of the origins, causes, and the first two years of the Mau in Western Samoa. The highest point in Samoa is Mt Silisili, at 1858 m (6,096 ft). "[62] The preamble to the constitution already described the country as "an independent State based on Christian principles and Samoan custom and traditions."[62]. [56] The national modern Government of Samoa is referred to as the Malo. The Salem brig Roscoe (Captain Benjamin Vanderford), in October 1821, was the first American trading vessel known to have called, and the Maro (Captain Richard Macy) of Nantucket, in 1824, was the first recorded United States whaler at Samoa. Currently 98% of the population identify themselves as Christian. Please authenticate by going to "My account" → "Administration". The origins of the Samoans are closely studied in modern research about Polynesia in various scientific disciplines such as genetics, linguistics and anthropology. [40] That day would come to be known in Samoa as Black Saturday. [73], The country's currency is the Samoan tālā, issued and regulated by the Central Bank of Samoa. "[93] Dance both in its traditional form and its more modern forms has remained a central cultural currency to Samoans, especially youths. The Siege of Apia occurred in March 1899. American football is occasionally played in Samoa, reflecting its wide popularity in American Samoa, where the sport is played under high school sanction. Momoe Malietoa Von Reiche is an internationally recognised poet and artist. It will not continue to be yours or your children’s, if you occupy it for nothing. When he resisted, a struggle developed between the police and the Mau. The paramount 'tama-a-'aiga' (royal lineage) titles of A'ana are Tupua Tamasese (based in Falefa and Salani) and Mata'afa (based in Amaile and Lotofaga). [98], This article is about the nation of Samoa. They were also the IRB World Sevens Series Champions in 2010 capping a year of achievement for the Samoans, following wins in the US, Australia, Hong Kong and Scotland Sevens tournaments. Her first book of poetry Wild Dogs Under My Skirt was published by University. Strong force in Samoan life and politics football League Lapita ancestors ( Austronesian people who Oceanic! 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