The government has a police investigative unit dedicated to investigating violent crimes against the LGBTI and other vulnerable communities, comprised of Public Ministry prosecutors, members of ATIC (prosecutor’s investigative agency), and the Honduran National Police; however, it has limited resources and functions primarily in the major urban areas. Contact Information for Available Hospitals/Clinics. [24] To avoid being detected by police officers, members of gangs have been forced to change their territorial strategies. South Africa. Roads have poor lighting and markings. Travelers should be aware, however, that the assistance the Embassy can provide is limited to making sure U.S. citizens are not treated differently from local detainees, and providing them with a list of local attorneys. Gangs are not reluctant to use violence, and specialize in murder-for-hire, carjacking, extortion, and other violent street crime. Another reason the Mano Dura policies have struggled to accomplish their goals is that the prison system in Honduras is not built to accommodate the increased volume of incarcerated individuals. If traffic signals are working, drivers often ignore them. It also had the highest murder rate in a non-war country. The Honduran National Police wear blue uniforms, while the PMOP normally wear green camouflage. driver’s licenses, vehicle registration). On December 24, 2004, a year after the introduction of the Mano Dura, members of MS-13 shot up a bus, killing 28 people and wounding 14. For more information on self-driving, review OSAC’s Report Driving Overseas: Best Practices. It’s a huge percentage in a country that’s had one of the highest murder rates … Police may take hours to arrive at the scene of a violent crime, or may not respond at all. Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Jehovah’s Witnesses have reported denial of medical treatment at some government hospitals after requesting treatment in accordance with their religious beliefs. It has been described as a crack head infested, impoverished place where crime is rampant (mostly theft). These tensions have resulted in intense protests and other violence. Chart. Except in some very rural locations, police are aware of a U.S. citizen detainee's right to contact the Embassy. Counterfeit products are predominately in, but are not limited to the pharmaceutical and apparel industries. Individual prisoner confinement is absent from the Honduran penal code, and this facilitates the grouping of prisoners and overcrowding of prisons. When it comes to transport, leave plenty of … The government places specially trained police forces in areas tourists frequent (e.g. [25] In fact, the Mano Dura laws have had some unintended consequences. Driving can be very dangerous despite improving road conditions. Honduras crime rate & statistics for 2016 was 56.50, a 1.74% decline from 2015. The main reason for the concentrated violence is that these are the cities where the majority of Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18 members live. The government lacks resources to investigate and prosecute cases; police often lack vehicles/fuel to respond to calls for assistance. The government is implementing similar programs for other locations (e.g. Read the entire Travel Advisory. But since the murder rate began decreasing in 2011, the number of children traveling alone has also been reduced by half. The Embassy cannot secure the release or act as legal representation for any U.S. citizen. Despite a recent downward trend, the murder rate remains among the highest in the world. Usually what happens in these regions is that a single armed group achieves a certain level of control over the population, so gangs do not fight against each other. For more information on self-driving, review OSAC’s Report. [11] Another reporter, Nahúm Elí Palacios Arteaga, was also assassinated in March 2010. [50] [24] Prison overcrowding has in some ways made it easier for gangs to function because in many prisons there are not enough guards to safely monitor the prisoners. Travelers should be aware, however, that the assistance the Embassy can provide is limited to making sure U.S. citizens are not treated differently from local detainees, and providing them with a list of local attorneys. For more information, review OSAC’s Report, Kidnapping: The Basics. Passing on blind corners is common. Most major cities (e.g. The 18th Street and MS-13 (Mara Salvatrucha) gangs are the most active and powerful. Violence rises from fights between the gangs to see who gains control over these regions. Some would-be muggers and gang members keep to a daily schedule, riding city buses from one stop to the next, committing criminal acts with impunity along the way. While no separate safety or crime statistics are kept for Roatan, an abundance of evidence strongly suggests that Roatan is a world apart from its mainland connection to Honduras. Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba) have homicide rates higher than the national average, as do several Honduran departments (a geographic designation similar to U.S. States) including, Atlántida, Colón, Cortés, San Pedro Sula, Tegucigalpa, and. The government has also begun implementing a series of police reforms; it has formed groups such as the National Inter-Agency Security Task Force (FUSINA) and the National Anti-Gang Task Force (FNAMP) to combat crime. The rainy season usually runs May-November. Another tactic has been creating centers that promote vocational training, these institutions provide mentors to Hondurans, teaches them skills to become barbers, electricians or bakers and then helps them to find jobs. With more freedom inside the prisons, gang leaders can control the sale of food, commodities, and even the reception of visitors. Another aspect of Central American migration that has changed is that migrants are no longer primarily men, but also women, teenagers and even children. Occasional highway assaults and carjackings involve criminals posing as Honduran law enforcement, including in remote areas of Choluteca, Olancho, Colon, and Copan departments. [2] 83.4% of these homicides were committed with firearms. The Pan American Convention (1917), to which Honduras is a party, protects “notorious" or well-known trademarks. Honduran police officers can arrest and subsequently place in prison anyone at all related to gangs through indicators such as tattoos, baggy clothing, or even typical gang positions on street corners. Reports of kidnappings of U.S. citizens are not common. Would you like to continue with this session or log out? The victim, an active MS-13 member, appeared in the San Pedro Sula airport following his release. However, theft, break-in, assault, rape, and murder do occur. Some commentators have strongly criticized the Roman Catholic Church and evangelical churches for alleged involvement in politics. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Honduras. In 2012 Honduras had the highest murder rate in its history. Travelers are responsible for ensuring that they have adequate health coverage while in Honduras. Members of the LGBTI community have reported violent assaults due to gender identity and sexual orientation. Armed robberies, home invasions, and extortions occur; closely guarded officials, businesspersons, and diplomats are not immune from these attacks. There are limited facilities for individuals with disabilities. Overseas Security Advisory Council Reports of kidnappings of U.S. citizens are not common. The Residents of these areas have reported to feel safer in these neighborhoods rather than in homicide hot spots, regardless of crimes like assaults, extortions or robbery still taking place. First, the zero-tolerance policies have forced many gang members to seek protection with members of their gang in other countries such as El Salvador. Vehicles often drive at night without adequate lighting. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 2011 Global Study on Homicide, Honduras has the highest per capita homicide rate in the world, with 86 homicides for every 100,000 inhabitants. Cable signal theft and counterfeit products are the most prevalent violations of intellectual property rights in Honduras. Drug trafficking and gang activity, which includes local micro-trafficking of narcotics and extortion, are the main causes of violent crime in Honduras. Vehicles often drive at night without adequate lighting. Kidnapping figures are likely lower than reality, as families of kidnapping victims often pay ransoms without reporting these crimes to police out of fear of retribution. Statista. Honduras murder/homicide rate for 2016 was 56.50, a 1.74% decline from 2015. [7] The lack of justice has produced a lack of trust in the police and other authority figures, which is not good for creating civic participation. There are no legal cases involving instances of terrorism affecting U.S. citizens or facilities brought before the Honduran judicial system, and no reports of judicial developments that would have a negative impact on U.S. counterterrorism efforts. Honduras has one of the highest homicide rates in the world. [22][7], Other ways in which the aid has been distributed is through programs that identify children who present risk factors of joining gangs (such as a violent family environment, drug or alcohol abuse or being a victim of crime) and giving them counseling. Bureau of Diplomatic Security otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information, U.S. Embassy Tegucigalpa, Avenida La Paz, Tegucigalpa, Hours of Operation: Monday-Thursday, 0730-1630; Friday, 0800-1500, Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/embajadahonduras/, Nearby Post: Consular Agency San Pedro Sula. Red Cross ambulance: 911, (504) 2227-7474 or (504) 2227-7575. Please see the State Department resource for, The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for, The Honduras Country Council currently meets monthly on a rotating basis in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula, and has approximately 25 members. Criminal investigation is severely hampered by limited funding, a lack of high-tech investigative tools, corrupt officers, and poor police education. Detained U.S. citizens should insist on speaking to U.S. Embassy representatives as soon as possible. As far as homicide rates go, Honduras does have the highest intentional homicide rate in the world at about 90.4 homicides per 100,000 people per year (which is … Penalties for the possession, use, or trafficking of illegal narcotics are strict; convicted offenders can expect lengthy jail sentences and fines. Passengers on public buses have been the victims of robbery at roadblocks and bus stops, during daytime and nighttime hours. There is serious risk from crime in Tegucigalpa. Roatán and the Bay Islands are geographically separate from and experience lower crime rates than the mainland and other Caribbean islands. Violent crime is rampant in Honduras. Extortion threats commonly originate through social engineering. Emergency services, even in Tegucigalpa, generally are basic. There is street crime even in safer neighborhoods, commonly referred to as Barrio Seguros, with heightened security. The vast majority of cruise line passengers experience no problems, but there have still be reports of armed robbery and carjacking. Passing on blind corners is common. In contrast with Nicaragua where each EAP contributes with $497.[23]. This program, run by Creative Associates International, has proven to be successful; 77% of the children that attend this program do not get involved in crime or substance abuse after going through it. [30][31], United States Agency for International Development, "Selections from the Senate Committee Report on Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy chaired by Senator John F. Kerry", Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, "Honduras Set to Lose Title of 'Murder Capital of the World'? Reach the local police anywhere in Honduras by dialing 911. [18] Jaime Rosenthal, at 79 years old is currently under house arrest in San Pedro Sula, Honduras awaiting trial in the United States. Kidnappings and disappearances affect both the local and expatriate communities, with victims sometimes paying large ransoms for the prospect of release. Gracias a Dios is a remote location where narcotics trafficking is frequent, infrastructure is weak, government services are limited, and police/military presence is scarce. Cable signal theft and counterfeit products are the most prevalent violations of intellectual property rights in Honduras. In addition to high rates of petty crime in Honduras, there's also a growing concern about violent incidents, such as kidnapping, rape, assault and murder. Information about crime in Honduras. Violent transnational criminal organizations are also involved in narcotics trafficking and other illicit commerce. Many people report receiving threatening phone calls or extortion attempts, especially during Christmas and Easter holidays. Between 2011 and 2015 the murder rate in Honduras decreased by 30%[citation needed] (rate claimed by government, not independently confirmed). Honduras crime rate & statistics for 2014 was 66.90, a 9.96% decline from 2013. [24] Tattoos are significant to gangs because they mark each member as property, just as graffiti marks a group's territory in the context of cities. Data protection lasts five years. However, the San Pedro Sula area has seen armed robberies against tourist vans, minibuses, and cars traveling from the airport to area hotels. Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents. Do not travel to Gracias a Dios Department due to crime. The reason behind the suspension of the aid is the corruption and human rights violations that the money causes when given to the military or the police. Country-specific Vaccination and Health Guidance. Port agencies have worked to improve taxi service to/from ports. NGOs have reported anonymous attacks via social media, alleging that civil society actors are engaged in, or supportive of, criminal activity in Honduras. [2] In 2012, 7172 homicides were recorded. Medical care is limited. Since tattoos are such an easy way to identify a gang member, gangs have been forced to wear clothes covering their tattoos and to adopt a more casual appearance. The country does not appear to be a terrorist safe haven. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. This means that an average of 13 people are murdered everyday. Exercise extreme caution driving on isolated stretches of road and passing other vehicles on mountainous curves. It is partly due to the gang culture in Honduras that many people have risked illegal immigration to the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Honduras due to COVID-19. During 2018, there was one case involving the kidnapping of a U.S. dual national reported to the police. The U.S. Embassy strongly discourages intercity car and bus travel after dark. [7], In Honduras, only 6% of collected taxes are spent in programs that reduce or prevent violence. But since 2012, Honduras has brought its murder rates down more than any other nation in the world, to just 42.8 per 100,000 in 2017. Since 2010, Honduras has had one of the highest per capita murder rates in the world, ranging between 59 and 86 per 100,000 according to the U.S. Department of State. There is considerable risk from civil unrest in Tegucigalpa. Honduras crime rate & statistics for 2015 was 57.50, a 14.05% decline from 2014. Don’t let your guard down, stay vigilant, and use your common sense. Kidnapping figures are likely lower than reality, as families of kidnapping victims often pay ransoms without reporting these crimes to police out of fear of retribution. [19], Although Honduras is among the most violent countries in the world, crime and murders are not spread around all the country. This limiting of inspections could facilitate movements of terrorists. [1] Homicide violence reached a peak in 2012 with an average of 20 homicides a day. There is often a spike in skimming in December and June, when the working population receive Christmas and mid-year bonuses in the form of one extra month’s salary. Honduras has a long history of sustaining damage due to powerful tropical storms and hurricanes. In 1978 Policarpo Paz García overthrew Juan Alberto Melgar Castro in a "cocaine coup" financed by the Medellín Cartel-linked drug lord Juan Matta-Ballesteros. 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