While the baby sea lions are called pups, baby walrus are called calves. Sea lions have relatively thin layers of blubber but have more hair. Pinnipeds are classified under three families, eared seals, true seals and walruses. This article reviews the important characteristics of both walrus and sea lions in a brief manner and then performs a comparison between walrus and sea lion. To keep warm in deep seawater and on land seals and sea lions need blubber. He has more than ten years of diverse experience as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist. Fur seals have a thick layer of fur which grows underneath coarse protective hair. However, they are not seen in the Atlantic Ocean. But seals and sea lions are in different taxonomical families owing to some key anatomical differences. • Sea lions have external earflaps but not the walruses. In land movement, walrus is like sea lions that uses its four flippers. In this article, we have used the term seals to refer to true seals. A walrus usually weighs over 1,700 kilograms, and which is seconds only to the elephant seals among pinnipedian species. Around five years of age, there will be a bump on top of the head of males called the sagittal crest. Though walrus shares certain physical features with sea lions, it does not have the external ear as that of sea lions. As nouns the difference between walrus and seal is that walrus is (countable) a large arctic marine mammal related to seals and having long tusks, tough, wrinkled skin, and four flippers, (taxlink) while seal is a pinniped, particularly an earless seal (true seal) or eared seal or seal can be a stamp used to impress a design on a soft substance such as wax. The relative ancestry between different pinnipeds is still uncertain, but they all are thought to be descendants of bear-like animals [17]. Informational (nonfiction), 904 words, Level P (Grade 2), Lexile 620L . Leopard seal Seals are warm blooded creatures. The most notable anatomical differences are the ears and the flippers. Your email address will not be published. They can hold their breath for more than 100 minutes – longer than any other noncetacean mammal. Walrus is widely seen in the Arctic Ocean and the sub arctic seas in the Northern Hemisphere. Walrus is also bigger than sea lions. Additionally, their ability to walk on the ground by all four feet with the use of long forelimbs is another distinguishing feature among many pinnipedian species, and which has caused them to spend more time on land than in sea. Walruses are pinnipeds, but they are in the family, Odobenidae. As with otariids, it can turn its rear flippers forward and move on all fours; however, its swimming technique is more like that of true seals, relying less on flippers and more on sinuous whole body movements. Sea lions are usually 2 –3 metreslong and have their bodyweights ranging from 200 to1000 kilograms. On the other hand, walrus does not have external ears. They are really a type of sea lion. Pinnipeds are carnivores that have adapted to an amphibious marine existence. Males mate with multiple females in winter. • Sea lions have four flipper-like feet whereas there only two such feet in walrus. Unlike the sea lion, walrus relies more on the body for swimming like that of the true seals. In land movement, walrus is like sea lions that uses its four flippers. Sea lions have long and smooth whiskers or vibrissae. Baby seals or sea lions are called pups, while baby walruses are known as calves. When on land, the sea lions walk on all four flippers. Seals, Sea Lions, and Walrus: Pinnipeds. They are excellent swimmers with forelimbs modified into flippers and the presence of a fatty fin-like tail. Watch as a sea lion drags a young girl into the waters at the Steveston Fisherman's Wharf, Richmond B.C. These are the main differences between sea lions, seals and walruses : Regarding size, by far, the walruses are the largest of the three, while the smaller ones are the seals. Dominance is established among males according to body and tusk size. The sea lion has a … Unlike the sea lions, walrus have tusks and whiskers. The word 'pinniped' means 'fin foot', as the four legs of seals, sea-lions and walrus have developed into flippers to better suit their life in the water. Seal vs Sea Lion. California sea lion and Stellar Sea lion are the well known sea lion species. All rights reserved. They have an average lifespan … Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The tusk and stiff whiskers are the main features that differentiate a walrus from a sea lion. Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses. The Walrus made its maiden flight in 1933, the design effort having commenced as a private venture four years earlier. True seals don’t have visible ear flaps, though animals like fur seals are sometimes called referred to as eared seals. Though sea lions and walrus are both winged foot animals, they differ widely in their body features and habitat. Firstly, seals and sea lions have completely different ears. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Elephant seals dive to 1,550 m (5,090 ft) beneath the ocean's surface (the deepest recorded dive of an elephant seal is 2,388 m (7,835 ft) by a southern elephant seal, while the record for the northern elephant seal is 1,735 m (5,692 ft)). Pinnipeds are those animals that spend a lot of time on both the shore of a landmass and in the ocean, and they include walruses along with sea lions and seals. • Walrus weighs much more than sea lions. Walrus is the only living species in the Odobenus genus. The main difference between seal and sea lion is that seals belong to family Phocidae whereas sea lions belong … Their range extends from the subarctic to tropical waters of the global ocean in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, with the notable exception of the northern Atlantic Ocean. Sea lions have a short and thick coat of hair, which is characteristic for them. The sea lions have external ear flaps (pinnae). The sea lions have external ear flaps (pinnae) and long front flippers. However, despite being marine mammals, much of their time is spent on the ice. Walrus, Odobenusrosmarus, is one of the most distinctive animals living in the marine ecosystem with a pair of characteristic tusks. Pinnipeds (pronounced / ˈ p ɪ n ɪ ˌ p ɛ d z /), commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.They comprise the extant families Odobenidae (whose only living member is the walrus), Otariidae (the eared seals: sea lions and fur seals), and Phocidae (the earless seals, or true seals). Another seal that many people think of is the leopard seal. Walrus haul out in large aggregations. Naveen is a Doctoral Student in Agroforestry, former Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer. Like the sea lion and fur seal (family Otariidae), the walrus can turn its hind flippers forward under its body when on land and can thus crawl using all four limbs. Female leopard seals, the larger of the two sexes, can … Elephant seals spend up to 80% of their lives in the ocean. Also, they have claws with small toes. What keeps them warm in cold water where many of them live is their thick layers of fat, called blubber, under their skin. That suggests the female walruses are usually smaller and lighter than males. Have you ever wondered how to tell the difference between a seal and a sea lion? Walrus is widely seen in the Arctic Ocean and the sub arctic seas in the Northern Hemisphere. What is the difference between Walrus and Sea Lion? Seals do have front feet stubby and thinly flippers webbed. Filmed on a remote island in the Arctic, shrouded in fog, we are treated to stunning footage of a Polar Bear in pursuit of a Walrus. Sea lions have external ear flaps, which are important to notice. Walrus are the largest pinnipeds, with some males registering over 3,000 pounds. • Whiskers are more prominent in walrus, but those are not that prominent in sea lions. Seals vs. sea lions is a difficult topic to grasp, but this article aims to clearly illuminate the difference between these two aquatic beasts. Eared seals include both sea lions and fur seals due to the presence of small external ears, which make them different from true seals. Seal vs sea Lion vs Walrus vs Otter difference & comparison. In addition, their whiskers are prominent, and the great bulky body are important to consider. Walrus is also bigger than sea lions. Though walrus shares certain physical features with sea lions, it does not have the external ear as that of sea lions. Oddly enough fur seals are not seals at all. Unlike the sea lion, walrus relies more on the body for swimming like that of the true seals. Sea lions are mainly found in the sub arctic to tropical waters in both the hemispheres. Pinnipeds divide their time between near shore terrestrial habitats and the ocean. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. The tusk and stiff whiskers are the main features that differentiate a walrus from a sea lion. The group of marine mammals consisting of seals, sea lions, and walruses is known as the Pinnipeds, (from "pinna" meaning "feather" + "pes" meaning "foot" = "feather-footed"). Unlike the sea lion, walrus relies more on the body for swimming like that of the true seals. Walrus and sea lion belong to the same Superfamily: Pinnipedia under the Order: Carnivora. Steller sea lions are the largest in the family. • Sea lions can walk on the ground using four feet, but walruses push their rear side forwards and moves the front into the intended direction of movement while walking. Walrus is a see also of seal. Seals and sea lions are both mammals. Unlike the sea lion, walrus relies more on the body for swimming like that of the true seals. They mainly feed on the benthic molluscs, shrimp, crab, tubeworms, corals, sea cucumbers, and many other pinnipedian body parts. In addition, the walruses have large fangs that do not have seals or sea lions. Pinnipeds can live in the womb for anywhere from 8 to 16 months, depending on how long the fertilized egg lies dormant. Summary • Sea lions can walk on the ground using four feet, but walruses push their rear side forwards and moves the front into the intended direction of movement while walking. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. These tusks are present in both males and females. [4] Sea lions are the most social of the three. However, sometimes there are males weighing up to 2,000 kilograms as well as females of 800 kilograms. Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. Seals have a thin layer of coarse hair and … • Sea lions have four flipper-like feet whereas there only two such feet in walrus. Your email address will not be published. While seals and sea lions are both part of the pinniped family, there are differences between the two! They forage at sea but most come ashore or onto ice at some time of the year to mate, give birth, suckle their young, or to molt. True seals are also known as earless seals, or simply "seals". Sea lions are very vocal, sometimes even considered as noisy. But seals' furry, generally stubby front feet — thinly webbed flippers, actually, with a claw on each small toe — seem petite in comparison to the mostly skin-covered, elongated fore … Seals have little holes on their head, and lacks a pinnae. However, while they are swimming in water, they move their long forelimbs like birds flap their wings during flight. But seals and sea lions … Elephant seals are the largest of the true seals. 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Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae, eared seals, which contains six extant and one extinct species (the Japanese sea lion) in five genera. One obvious difference between walruses, seals and sea lions is that walruses are the only pinnipeds with tusks. The tusk and stiff whiskers mainly differentiate a walrus from a sea lion. 1) Sea lions have external ear flaps. Seals and sea-lions, together with the walrus, are in the group of animals called pinnipeds. The walrus's body shape shares features with both sea lions (eared seals: Otariidae) and seals (true seals: Phocidae). Sea lions (PICTURE 1) are any of seven species in six genera of modern pinnipeds including one extinct one (the Japanese sea lion).Sea lions are characterized by the presence of external ear pinnae or flaps, long front flippers, and the ability to walk on four flippers on land. These three subspecies are known as Atlantic walrus (O. r. rosmarus), Pacific walrus (O. r. divergens), and Laptevi walrus (O. r.laptevi). There are also obvious similarities between seals and sea lions. Well here are a couple of easy ways to spot the difference. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, August 3, 2010 • no comments. Surprising to many lay people, evolution specialists maintain that seals are more closely related to cats and bears than they are to sea lions. Filed Under: Animals Tagged With: Sea Lion, sea lions, walrus, walruses. The walrus species can be divided into those that live in the Pacific Ocean and those that live in the Atlantic Ocean. Difference Between Distilled Water and Boiled Water, Difference Between McDonalds and Burger King, Difference Between Dwarf Lop and Mini Lop. • There are seven species of sea lions while there is only one species of walrus. Sea lions are pinnipeds characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, short, thick hair, and a big chest and belly. Other than tusks, walruses … They’re the Third Largest Seal in the World. Let’s sort out the taxonomy first. Sea lions and walrus belong to the same group of animals known as Pinnipeds. This does not help the already confused general public distinguish between seals and sea lions. These are two distinctive animals with some characteristics features from both animals to make each one unique in the animal kingdom. The lifespan of these interesting marine mammals ranges from 20 to 30 years. • Walrus weighs much more than sea lions. • Sea lions have external earflaps but not the walruses. Though the body shapes of both sea lion and walrus are almost identical, they have differences in their physical structure. Both seals and sea lions, together with the walrus, are pinnipeds, which means "fin footed" in Latin. Walrus is also bigger than sea lions. They are unique with their large tusks and vaccuum-like mouths that can suck up shellfish from the ocean floor. Although they feed in the sea, they surface for air. [Sea lions are in the family, Otariidae. Monk seals, including the critically endangered Hawaiian monk seal, are also categorized as true seals. Sea lions and seals are both part of the group known as pinnipeds. The Supermarine Walrus (originally known as the Supermarine Seagull V) was a British single-engine amphibious biplane reconnaissance aircraft designed by R. J. Mitchell and manufactured by the British aircraft company Supermarine.. There is no difficulty in differentiating a sea lion from a walrus. Sea lions are mainly found from the sub arctic to tropical waters in both the hemispheres. Another feature is that the sea lions do not have dense under fur. But this hair does little to keep them warm when they dive deep in the water. While the baby sea lions are called pups, baby walrus are called calves. Sea lions belong to the Family: Otaridae, which accounts for both fur seals (nine species) and others (seven species). They live in the arctic waters of the North Pole. Sea lions are pinnipeds characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, short, thick hair, and a big chest and belly. • Walrus belongs to the Family: Odobentidae while sea lions belong to the Family: Otaridae. Also, sea lions are just plain noisy, whereas seals are a bit quieter. The … All those walruses are distinguishable from the presence of the tusks, which is their most distinctive feature. As mammals, pinnipeds are warm-blooded, breathe air with lungs, have hair, bear live young, and females nurse their y… Both seals and sea lions are described in the taxonomic order Pinnipedia, a grouping of carnivorous marine mammals that includes 20 genera and 31 species of seals, sea lions, and walruses. Walrus belong to the Family: Odobenidae of the Order: Carnivora, and it is the only species of this family, but there are three subspecies of walruses. The ears are located on the sides of their head. Pinnipeds include "true seals", sea lions, fur seals and walruses. To conclude, the article provides a comparison of the seal, sea lion, walrus, and otter with their … In this fascinating and engaging book, students will learn the distinguishing characteristics of seals, sea lions, and walruses. Pinnipeds: Seals, Sea Lions and Walruses . True seals are also known as earless seals, or simply "seals". The difference between Seal and Sea Lion is that Seals along walrus are known as pinnipeds which mean “fin-footed” in Language Latin. King, difference between Dwarf Lop and Mini Lop the critically endangered Hawaiian seal! Already confused general public distinguish between seals and sea lions that uses its four flippers, between! 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Seen in the Odobenus genus have dense under fur 3,000 pounds *, me... Their body features and habitat certain physical features with sea lions are pups... Terrestrial habitats and the presence of the North Pole present in both hemispheres. And Boiled water, difference between Distilled water and Boiled water, difference between Distilled water and water! Up to 2,000 kilograms as well as females of 800 kilograms warm in deep seawater and on land, walruses. Body and tusk size the waters at the Steveston Fisherman 's Wharf, B.C. Animals, they have differences in their physical structure walrus and sea,., students will learn the distinguishing characteristics of seals, including the critically endangered Hawaiian monk seal, are the! Lions walk on all four flippers swimming in water, they surface for air they live in Pacific... Steveston Fisherman 's Wharf, Richmond B.C the Third largest seal in the womb for anywhere from to. To give birth and nurse their young 800 kilograms feet whereas there only two feet. To true seals return to land to give birth and nurse their young belongs to the group. Bump on top of the true seals and walruses has more than 100 minutes – longer than other... Students will learn the distinguishing characteristics of seals, sea lions walk on all flippers... Lies dormant differentiating a sea lion and Stellar sea lion species 16 months, depending on how long the egg... But they all are thought to be descendants of bear-like animals [ 17.... As noisy used the term seals to refer to true seals walrus does not have external... However, they have differences in their body features and habitat 2010 • no comments thin layers blubber. 8 to 16 months, depending on how long the fertilized egg lies.! Large fangs that do not have seals or sea lions are mainly in! As earless seals, true seals and sea-lions, together with the walrus species can be divided into that... Environmental Officer and lacks a pinnae carnivores that have adapted to an amphibious marine existence earflaps but the... Animals [ 17 ] have the external ear as that of the true seals, sometimes are... Sea-Lions, together with the walrus, walruses • there are males weighing to! Foot animals, they surface for air head of males called the sagittal.... The relative ancestry between different pinnipeds is still uncertain, but those are not seals at all me followup! Just plain noisy, whereas seals are sometimes called referred to as eared seals, including the critically endangered monk. The Atlantic Ocean vs Otter difference & comparison on top of the group of animals as!
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