In 1282, at the sound of the bells summoning people to Vespers, Sicily rose in revolt against its French rulers, and the army that was ready to sail for Constantinople had to turn around and defend Charles's kingdom. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Mikhael VIII Palaiologos hoặc Palaeologus (tiếng Hy Lạp cổ: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, chuyển tự Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 1282) là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã trị vì từ năm 1259 đến 1282. Andronikos was acclaimed co-emperor in 1261, after his father Michael VIII recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire, but he was not crowned until 1272. Michael VIII Palaiologos Label from public data source Wikidata Sources found : Michael VIII Palaiologos ho eleutherotēs, 2005: p. 395, etc. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1223 – 11 December 1282) was the Emperor of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, then the Byzantine Emperor from 1261 to his death, and founder of the Imperial Palaiologos dynasty.. Included in the vast network of alliances erected by Charles to conquer the Greek East were not only Sicily, parts of Italy, Greek Lascarid dissidents, various Slavs of the Balkans, Baldwin, France, and Venice but also the papacy. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (c.1223 - c.1282) - Genealogy Genealogy for Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (c.1223 - c.1282) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Michael VIII Palaeologus, (born 1224 or 1225—died December 11, 1282, Thrace), Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and then Byzantine emperor (1261–82), who in 1261 restored the Byzantine Empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and longest-lived of the empire’s ruling houses. A scion of several former imperial families (Ducas, Angelus, Comnenus), Michael passed a rather uneventful boyhood, seemingly marked primarily by fantasies of himself recovering Constantinople from the Latins; he spent much of his youth living in the imperial palaces at Nicaea and Nicomedia. Initially supportive of Michael, the patriarch Arsenios Autoreianos excommunicated the emperor for blinding John IV. He died on December 11, 1282 in Pachomion, Lysimachia, Thrace. Ia merestorasi Konstantinopel dan mentransformasi Kekaisaran Nicea menjadi Kekaisaran Bizantium. Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (Yunani: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 Desember 1282) berkuasa sebagai kaisar Bizantium 1259–1282. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as the co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, and as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. At papal invitation, Charles advanced into southern Italy, expelled the last representatives of the imperial house of Hohenstaufen, Manfred and Conradin, and then from Palermo and Naples almost at once fixed his gaze across the Balkans onto Constantinople. Michael VIII Palaiologos (r. 1259-1281 CE) Miniature from the manuscript of Pachymeres' Historia, 14th century CE. In his maneuvers to recover his throne from Michael, Baldwin finally entered into a diplomatic and matrimonial alliance with a man who was the West’s ablest diplomat—in his machinations almost the equal of Michael himself—Charles of Anjou, brother of St. Louis of France. The denouement to this remarkable contest was the outbreak on March 30/31, 1282, of the Sicilian Vespers, the massacre of the French signaling the revolt against Charles. Ia merestorasi Konstantinopel dan mentransformasi Kekaisaran Nicea menjadi Kekaisaran Bizantium. Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (Yunani: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 Desember 1282) berkuasa sebagai kaisar Bizantium 1259–1282. Μιχαὴλ Η' Δούκας Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος, * 1224/1225 in Chläiasie; † 11. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Michael Palaiologos rose out of the power vacuum left behind by the early death of Theodore II Laskaris in 1258. Founded by the 11th-century general Nikephoros Palaiologos and his son George, the family rose to the highest aristocratic circles through its marriage into the Doukas and Komnenos dynasties. 1200) 28. Despite all the obstacles, union was nevertheless finally pronounced at the Second Council of Lyon in 1274. Eventually Charles lost Sicily to Aragon and his entire Mediterranean empire crumbled. Venice’s aim in particular was to recover the broad trading privileges it had exercised in the days of the Latin empire and to oust its arch foe, the Genoese, from the lucrative Greek markets. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Michael VIII Palaiologos: 24. Michael's seal depicts the now standard image of the standing Christ on the obverse and the emperor wearing a crown and chlamys and holding a labarum and an akakia on the reverse. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? From the beginning of his reign Michael planned the recovery of Constantinople, but when the time came it owed little to Michael or his plans. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. Immediately after Michael’s death (1282), however, the Greek church declared the union invalid. Michael became co-emperor with Theodore's son, John IV in 1259, eventually blinding and deposing the ten–year–old boy in 1261. Michael VIII PALAIOLOGOS was born in the year 1223 in Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkey, son of Andronikos Komnenos PALAIOLOGOS and Theodora Angelina PALAIOLOGINA., they had 4 children. To aid this attack Michael sent money to the island to encourage a rebellion against Charles. To quote a chronicler, “he aspired to the monarchy of the world, hoping thereby to recreate the great empire of Julius Caesar by joining East and West.”. Michael VIII Palaiologosor Palaeologus(Greek: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as the co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, and as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1261–1282) Michael Palaiologos rose out of the power vacuum left behind by the early death of Theodore II Laskaris in 1258. 27. His sponsorship of a general revival of learning led to the important Byzantine “Renaissance” in the 14th and 15th centuries. Michael VIII Dukas Angelos Komnenos PALAEOLOGUS EMPEROR in CONSTANTINOPLE; (Regent for the young Theodore II, whom he blinded and deposed) Born: 1225 Died: 1282 1224–82, Byzantine emperor ; founder of the Palaeologan dynasty. To counter these alliances Michael tried to buy off the pope with the promise of Church union, and allied with Hungary, Egypt, and the Mongols. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282.Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. He took measures... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Charles then began creating a Mediterranean empire for himself with territories in Albania, Greece, and for a time in Tunisia. In exchange for the papal promise to restrain Charles from attacking Constantinople, Michael promised to bring about religious union of the Greek church with Rome. Andronikos II was born Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας Ἄγγελος Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος) at Nicaea. In alliance with the Epirotes and the King of Sicily, they fought the emperor's brother John Palaiologos at Pelagonia in 1259. Especially active was Baldwin II of Courtenay, the last Latin emperor of Constantinople. Michael VIII entered the city on 15 August and had himself crowned together with his infant son Andronikos II Palaiologos. (Michael Palaiologos; Michel Paléologue) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Michael-VIII-Palaeologus, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection - Biography of Michael VIII Palaiologos. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282.Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. In matrimonium duxit Theodoram Ducaenam Batatzaenam et ex ea genuit: Michael VIII. At the behest of the papacy Charles had conquered the Kingdom of Sicily from its German king. Michael II. Dumbarton OaksResearch Library and Collection1703 32nd Street, NWWashington, DC 20007, Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos (945–959), ©2020 Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C. Trustees for Harvard University, https://www.doaks.org/resources/online-exhibits/gods-regents-on-earth-a-thousand-years-of-byzantine-imperial-seals/rulers-of-byzantium/michael-viii-palaiologos-1261-82, https://www.doaks.org/@@site-logo/news-logo.png, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, God’s Regents on Earth: A Thousand Years of Byzantine Imperial Seals. His remarkable resourcefulness and talent for intrigue were revealed early. In 1259 CE, Michael VIII came to the throne of the Empire of Nicaea. Michael IX Palaeologus, (born c. 1277—died Oct. 12, 1320, Thessalonica, Byzantine Empire), Byzantine co-emperor with his father, Andronicus II, from 1295 who, despite his efforts in fighting the Turks and in resisting the encroachments of the Catalan mercenaries, was unable to reverse the decline of the empire.. obsadil významná města Drač a Servii. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologandynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empireuntil the Fall of Constantinoplein 1453. The greatest threat to Michael's restored Byzantium came from Charles of Anjou, the brother of Louis IX of France. He stimulated a revival of trade by granting privileges to Italian merchants.…, In 1261 the Nicaean emperor Michael Palaeologus recaptured Constantinople from the Latins, and an Orthodox patriarch again occupied the see in Hagia Sophia. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologandynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empireuntil the Fall of Constantinoplein 1453. Císař musel bezprostředně po převzetí moci čelit nepřátelům na Balkáně, když epirský despota Michael II. Dr Michael VIII.Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos (middelgriech. He gave Byzantium two centuries more of life, began rebuilding the capital, and reestablished the University of Constantinople. n surnamed Palaeologus . Michael VIII. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Michael struggled in his relationship with the Church. Michael VIII Palaiologos - National Library of Russia, gr. That promise provoked the violent opposition of most of Michael’s own people, who opposed union on doctrinal grounds. Moreover, by focusing his attention too exclusively on Europe, his policy helped lead to Ottoman occupation of all of Asia Minor and ultimately to the capture of Constantinople itself. In the Balkans the remaining crusaders tried to resist the Byzantine advance. Michael spent vast amounts of money trying to restore Constantinople after half a century of neglect under the Latin emperors. Faced with rebellion by Lascarid supporters in Asia Minor, Michael succeeded, in the eyes of many Greeks, in legitimating his rule by retaking Constantinople from the Latins. Wo si General Alexios Strategopulos in dr Nacht zum 25. He recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empirein 1261 and transformed the Empire of Nicaea into a restored Byzantine Empire. Sadly for Michael, a new pope decided he was still a schismatic Greek, and Charles's invasion was on again. 13. Mikhael VIII adalah pendiri dinasti Palaiologos yang akan menguasai Bizantium hingga jatuhnya Konstantinopel tahun 1453. Biography. Whether as the result of Michael’s carefully planned ruse or of accident or both, the great city fell to his general in July 1261. Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos (Griechisch: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος)(* 1224/1225 in Kleinasien; † 11. Dezämber 1282 z Thrakie) isch vo 1259 bis zu sim Dood 1282 dr byzantinisch Kaiser gsi. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Although the Greeks generally were exultant, a few realized that the centre of gravity had shifted from Asia Minor to Europe. One of his generals, Alexios Strategopoulos, happened to be near Constantinople, and on discovering that the garrison was absent he quickly seized the city on 15th July 1261. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. In 1261 CE, Michael’s forces succeeded in capturing Constantinople while the Latin knights were off fighting elsewhere. John defeated the crusaders, and captured many of their leaders. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. He also reigned as the Co-Emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261. He was the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos and Theodora Palaiologina, grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes. This information is … Michael VIII Palaiologos (r. 1259-1281 CE) Miniature from the manuscript of Pachymeres' Historia, 14th century CE. Michael eventually forced Arsenios to abdicate, but this only resulted in causing a schism within the Church that would last well into the reign of Michael's successor. At the age of 21 he was charged by the emperor John III Vatatzes of Nicaea with treasonous conduct against the state, a charge from which he extricated himself by the force of his wit. The Greeks objected to the council on the grounds that not all the Eastern patriarchs or their representatives had been present, that no discussion of problems separating the two churches had taken place, and that no subsequent council had declared that of Lyon ecumenical. Mikhael VIII adalah pendiri dinasti Palaiologos yang akan menguasai Bizantium hingga jatuhnya Konstantinopel tahun 1453. From 1261 to 1453 the Palaeologan dynasty presided over an empire that was embattled from every side, torn apart by civil wars, and gradually shrinking to the…, …diminished Constantinople was reconquered by. Sole emperor from 1282, Andronikos II immediately repudiated his father's unp… The Orthodox East was coerced into accepting union. Michael VIII Palaeologus, (born 1224 or 1225—died December 11, 1282, Thrace), Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and then Byzantine emperor (1261–82), who in 1261 restored the Byzantine Empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and longest-lived of the empire’s ruling houses. Michael VIII Palaiologos of Paleologus (Grieks: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 - 11 Desember 1282) was van 1259 tot 1261 medekeiser van die Niceense Ryk en van 1261 tot met sy dood keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk.. Hy was die stigter van die Palaiologos-dinastie wat tot met die val van Konstantinopel in 1453 oor die Bisantynse Ryk regeer het. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 19 August 1226 – 11 December 1282) was Greek General who reigned as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. in 1274 at the Council of Lyons Michael formally accepted Church union. In preparation Charles formed an anti–Byzantine alliance that included the pope, the former Latin emperor, the Prince of Achaea, the Epirotes, Serbia, and Bulgaria. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Michael's realm was beset on all sides by enemies. Michael II. What Michael had on his side—the result of his consummate diplomatic ability—was (for a time) the papal alliance, a secret agreement with the Hohenstaufen supporters in Sicily, the support of Genoa, and, most important, a secret alliance with the son-in-law of Manfred, King Peter III of Aragon. Mikhael VIII là người sáng lập vương triều Palaiologos cai trị Đế quốc Đông La … Císař musel bezprostředně po převzetí moci čelit nepřátelům na Balkáně, když epirský despota Michael II. After the Fourth Crusade, members of the family fled to the neighboring Empire of Nicaea, ruled by the Laskaris family, where Michael VIII Palaiologos became senior co-emperor to the young John IV Laskaris in 1259. 118 - f. 22r.jpg 466 × 640; 233 KB Michaelpal.gif 382 × 500; 72 KB Michael VIII Palaiologos (head) (cropped).jpg 121 × 161; 6 KB ?Irene Komnene Kantakouzene? Nevertheless, Michael’s positive accomplishments cannot be overlooked. Dezember 1282 in Thrakien) war von 1259 … Michael also agreed to the union of the Churches under papal leadership, removing one important supporter for Charles's enterprise. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1261–1282) Michael Palaiologos rose out of the power vacuum left behind by the early death of Theodore II Laskaris in 1258. George Komnenodoukas Palaiologos (1125–1168) 25. Theodora Angelina Palaiologina (b. Perhaps more important, most of them refused to accept papal ecclesiastical supremacy, which they felt, however obscurely, would lead to restoration of Latin political domination and possibly even cultural assimilation to the Latins. In 1261, forces loyal to Michael recaptured Constantinople, which had been under the occupati Omissions? Andronikos Doukas Palaiologos: 12. In the Aegean, Michael's new fleet managed to recover most of the islands. Gradually usurping more and more authority, Michael seized the throne and early in 1259 was crowned emperor after shunting aside and blinding the rightful heir, his charge, John. Andronikos Doukas Angelos (d. 1185) 14. He also reigned as the Co-Emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261. The diplomatic duel between Charles and Michael was intensified, with Charles striving unceasingly to prepare his troops and navy. He took measures for the rehabilitation, repopulation, and defense of Constantinople. Michael became co-emperor with Theodore's son, John IV in 1259, eventually blinding and deposing the ten–year–old boy in 1261. Professor of History and Religious Studies, Yale University. One of Charles's projects was to revive the Norman claim to the Balkan provinces of Byzantium. He even launched an attack across the Adriatic on Berat (in modern Albania) under the French general Sully but was repulsed by Michael. Michael VIII Palaiologos: | | | Michael VIII Palaiologos| |Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος| ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. At his death, which occurred soon afterward, Michael thus left an intact empire to his son Andronicus II. Alexios Palaiologos, despotes (d. 1203) 26. They found the city a shell of its former self, sparsely populated and largely ruined. 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